Whenever the topic of Champagne comes up, for special occasions, gifting or fizzy cocktails, we like to remind everyone that there are delicious—and less costly—alternatives to Champagne.
Consider these more affordable bubblies at half the price or less:
Sekt is a German term for sparkling wines* (Sekts are also made in Austria).
Finally, excellent Sekts from Germany are being imported into the U.S., and are waiting for you at fine wine stores in major markets.
Sparkling wine accounts for 31% of Germany’s total wine production (Gewürtztraminer and Riesling account for most of the majority).
And its Germans—not the French—who are the world’s biggest consumers of sparkling wine, consuming more sparkling wine per capita than any other people (not just Sekt, Champagne, Cava and Prosecco as well) [source].
The vast majority of Sekt produced is everyday, middle quality and isn’t imported into the U.S. in significant quantities.
You don’t want that $ 10 bottle of Sekt. Instead, you want the 5% of Sekt that is rated premium in Germany, now available in the U.S. starting around $ 20 a bottle.
Premium Sekt is made only from grapes from one of the 13 quality wine regions in Germany. These wines are labeled Sekt b.A, indicating a protected designation of origin wine region.
The grapes used include Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir† and Riesling. Some vintners have begun to use Chardonnay†. The majority of premium Sekts are single varietals.
Premium Sekts are usually vintage dated with the vintner, and optionally the village and the vineyards. Those labeled Winzersekt (winegrower’s Sekt) are made by a producer who has vineyards of his/her own.
Germany has a history of winemaking that dates back to 100 B.C.E., when the conquering Romans planted vineyards.
During the Middle Ages, monks cultivated vineyards that are famous to this day. Historical properties like the Cistercian Monastery Kloster Eberbach in the Rheingau have a viticultural history dating back to about 1200 C.E. [source].
For many centuries, Germany and France were considered the two greatest wine producing countries in the world.
The Noble Sweet wines of Germany, so-called because they were favored by the nobility—stood shoulder-to-shoulder with the classified growths of Bordeaux and Burgundy. These were the wines to collect and treasure.
Germany produced (and still produces) fine dry Gewürtztraminer and Riesling along with their sweet counterparts.
Alas, in the 1960s, the U.S. and other markets were flooded with large quantities of sweet blended wines that were created for export, including the now-infamous Blue Nun and Liebfraumilch (brands unknown in Germany).
Advertising campaigns got people to buy them. Not knowing the difference, they served them with beef, pasta, and other foods that created a train wreck of pairings.
So German wines—except the top Gewürtztraminers and Rieslings coveted by connoisseurs—went under the radar in the U.S.
Sekt was unheard of in the U.S., except by people who knew it from Germany.
German production of sparkling wines dates back to 1826, when Georg Christian Kessler returned from 16 years of working at the Champagne house Veuve Clicquot.
If you’ve ever wondered why some of the best Champagne houses sound German—Bollinger, Krug, Piper-Heidsieck and Mumm, for example— it’s a resulte of Germans’ love of Champagne.
In the early 19th century, numerous Germans traveled to Champagne to learn the technique of making sparkling wine. Some stayed to found what became famous houses.
Initially, in Germany, sparkling wines could not be called Sekt.
To make a long story short, a legal decision in the 1970s abolished the large producers’ monopoly on Sekt production, allowing winemaking cooperatives and individual winegrowers to produce and sell their own sparkling wines.
And now, better Sekts from those winegrowers are appearing at wine stores and e-tailers in the U.S.
Another legal decision enabled the name Sekt being for German sparkling wines [source].
Since Sekt brands are not familiar to most Americans, it’s better to ask for guidance from the store clerk.
How about a Sekt tasting with different grape types, and different regions?
That’s how we recently enjoyed a Sekt tasting, of 15 different wines.
Brands we loved: Dr. Loosen, Fitz-Ritter, Hild Elbling, Von Winning, Weiser-Kunstler.
It was an eye-opener!
*Some inexpensive German sparkling wines don’t meet the standards to be called Sekt.
†Pinot Noir is one of the two major grapes, along with Chardonnay, that are used in France to make Champagne.